Educational Principles of JP
The following principles and research guides the use of multi-media and the formal of all Janet’s Planet programs.
The Three Types of Learning
There is more than one type of learning. A committee of colleges, led by Benjamin Bloom, identified three domains of educational activities:
Effective Questioning Promotes Critical
Thinking and Understanding:
In 1956, Benjamin Bloom headed a group of educational psychologists who developed a classification of level of intellectual behavior important in learning. Bloom found that over 95% of the test questions students encounter require them to think only at the lowest possible level.. the recall of information. Bloom identified six levels within the cognitive domain, from the simple recall or recognition of facts, as the lowest level, through increasingly more complex and abstract mental levels, to the highest order, which is classified as evaluation. Verb examples that represent intellectual activity on each level are listed here.
These are qualitative and quantifiable benefits on student learning hen using Janet’s Planet presentation:
a) Follows National Standards and State Standards so there are specific objective for teachers to measure
b) Janet’s Planet is meant to be used as a supplement to teacher’s instruction, not as a substitute for the teacher doing direct instruction, but it allows the teacher to focus more on formative assessment while Janet does the presentation of material and the teacher checks for understanding. (Based on research on interactive video methods and hypermedia incorporation, pages 228 and 229)
c)Research by Mayer (1989) was concerned with searching for principles of multimedia design that enhanced science outcomes. HE found it was very important for teachers to help students connect verbal explanations to visual ones. Having both allows more appropriate visual and verbal models to be built and retained.
d) Janet models good questioning which research shows leads to improved comprehension, learning and memory of material. Janet’s Planet curriculum can/will include ways for teachers to monitor questioning in order to provide feedback and formative assessment of student learning. We know questioning techniques will personalize feedback to students and have on-going formative assessment enhance achievement.
* Visible Learning is a synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement.